FAQs – Farmers/Distributors

How do I begin growing Hemp?

If you wish to begin growing hemp we strongly suggest buying clones. Seeds can be inconsistent for a variety of reasons. They can have males, they are pollinated into hermaphrodites easier, and they have higher CBD yields. We suggest buying from us because we have the resources to properly dry, buck, and extract the oil. Every clone variety that we sell we have already vetted by having our own indoor growing season, so you know what you are getting. Also, it is important to understand your endpoint. Some farmers want their biomass extracted in order that they can produce a final retail product, while other farmers simply wish to sell their biomass.

How do I deal with Weed control?

While this topic continues to be researched, Catoctin’s method of weed control is cover cropping. We use clover as a natural weed suppressant. Clover also fixes nitrogen, an essential nutrient for hemp. Laying plastic is another option, but it can be tedious in large acres. It may also be prudent to space the rows out in order to be able to mow in between each row.

What are good drying methods?

Generally, you want to avoid any sort of machine drying. While it is quick and effective, the high temperatures bake off the terpenes and some cannabinoids, making oil from machine drying inferior. If you decide on a slow drying method, then aeration must be sufficient and UV lights should be kept out.

If I am drying with Catoctin Hemp, how do I transport my harvested material to our facility?

There is not a perfect way to transport unbucked, wet material. How it has been done in the past is farmers will load a trailer or straight truck and bring it to one of our shipping docks. We can unload it onto our drying racks for a fee, or the farmers can unload it. We advise you to keep the harvested hemp on the trucks for as short of a time as possible.

Can I do custom Tolling?

Yes, many farmers want to take their crop to an oil and sell it under their own unique brand. We can make that happen. We have the facility and processes to go from crop to oil. We make a variety of products, but if you are interested in a custom formulation we can be willing to make that happen.

How do I start my own CBD brand?

If you did not grow a crop but still want to sell a brand, you can. Because we grow our own hemp, produce our own oil, and formulate our own products we can do the same for you. See the private labeling tab under “Services” for some quick information. There are minimum order quantities. Contact [email protected] for more information.

What if I have mold in my crop?

If you have mold in your hemp before it is transported to Catoctin for processing then we can talk to you on a case by case standpoint. BHO extraction is the only extraction method that permits mold without compromising the quality of the oil.

Are Hemp and Marijuana the Same?

Marijuana and hemp are two different varieties of the Cannabis Sativa plant. Both contain more than 60 chemical compounds, including CBDs (cannabinoids) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). Hemp is defined as the strains of the Cannabis genus that contain less than 0.3% of THC (the compound that produces intoxicating effects) at a flower level on a dry weight basis.

What is CBD?

CBD is a product of the hemp strain of the Cannabis Sativa plant used to make nutraceutical products, cosmetics, food supplements and more. CBD binds to cannabinoid receptors found in nearly every cell and tissue type in the human body. Unlike marijuana, CBD is harvested from hemp, is not psychoactive, and produces no mind-altering effects.

What is THC?

THC is the compound found in the flowers of the marijuana strain of the Cannabis Sativa plant that produces the sensation of feeling high. THC binds to receptors in the brain and creates the psychoactive, intoxicating effects of marijuana. THC is present in very small amounts in Full-Spectrum oil, but it is non-psychoactive and actually beneficial. This is because the amount is so small and because the CBD works to inhibit the THC from binding to certain receptors.

Do I need special farm equipment to grow hemp?

Hemp is an annual crop, but it is cultivated in many ways common to vines and other perennials. However, orchard, ornamental and other types of traditional farming operations can usually adapt their existing equipment and methods to hemp cultivation. An experienced grower can help you make these adaptations.

What kind of soil does hemp need?

Hemp doesn’t need top-quality soil but there are other conditions that it does need for optimal growth. Important variables to consider in soil health are: pH, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, and drainability.

What other conditions are optimal for hemp cultivation?

Hemp grows well in flat fields with good percolation (drainability) where there is a healthy supply of water and specific nutrients. Temperate weather with hot summers and cold winters are ideal. Hemp plants thrive in climates with low relative humidity.

What’s the growing season?

When to plant and when to harvest varies by location but is generally farmed between June and October.